Penang is a Malaysian state which is located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It is the second smallest Malaysian state by land mass. Penang comprises of two parts: Penang Island and the mainland Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley).
- Penang Island is where the capital city George Town located. On the island, the state capital of George Town is home to landmarks such as colonial Fort Cornwallis, the ornate Chinese clan house Khoo Kongsi and the Kapitan Keling Mosque, all testaments to centuries of foreign influence. To the west, a funicular ascends Penang Hill, with its trails, flower gardens and panoramic views. George Town, Malaysia’s second largest city is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Seberang Perai is bordered by Kedah State to the north and the east, and Perak State to the south.
Penang has among the nation’s highest population densities and is one of the country’s most urbanized states. Penang’s population stood at nearly 1.767 million as of 2018, while its population density keeps rising.
Penang has heterogeneous populations which are highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language and religion.
Aside from the three main races, the Malays, Chinese and Indians, Penang is also home to significant Eurasian and expatriate communities.
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As in the rest of Malaysia, Penang has a Tropical Rain Forest climate bordering on a tropical monsoon climate. The climate is very much dictated by the surrounding sea and the prevailing wind system